How to Display a Message During Windows Startup

چهارشنبه 19 مهر 1396

If you use a company-owned PC, you may have seen a legal notice displayed before you sign in to Windows. Here's how you can do the same thing on your own PC and display a message with any text you want.

If you're willing to dive into the Windows Registry or Local Group Policy Editor, there are some interesting things you can do surrounding Windows sign in. We've talked about how to add previous sign in information to and hide your personal information from the Windows sign in screen. You can also add a text message that appears before a user signs in. Though it's intended for companies to post legal notices, you can use it for anything you want. Here's how.

Home Users: Display a Startup Text Message by Editing the Registry Manually

If you have a Home edition of Windows, you will have to edit the Windows Registry to make these changes. You can also do it this way if you have Windows Pro or Enterprise, but just feel more comfortable working in the Registry. (If you have Pro or Enterprise, though, we recommend using the easier Local Group Policy Editor, as described in the next section.)

Standard warning: Registry Editor is a powerful tool and misusing it can render your system unstable or even inoperable. This is a pretty simple hack and as long as you stick to the instructions, you shouldn't have any problems. That said, if you've never worked with it before, consider reading about how to use the Registry Editor before you get started. And definitely back up the Registry (and your computer!) before making changes.

Open the Registry Editor by hitting Start and typing "regedit." Press Enter to open Registry Editor and give it permission to make changes to your PC.

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In the right-hand pane, you'll see two values named legalnoticecaption and legalnoticetext. You'll be editing both of these to create your message. Double-click the legalnoticecaption value to open its properties window.

The legalnoticecaption value serves as the title of your message. It appears at the top and in a slightly larger font than the text of the message. Of course, if you only want a very short message, feel free to just use legalnoticecaption and leave legalnoticetext blank. In the "Value data" box, type the title of your message and then click "OK."

Type your message into the "Value data" box. You'll notice that you only get a regular data box to type in here, which can make typing a longer message a little cumbersome. You can always type your message in a text editor like Notepad and then copy/paste it into the "Value data" box. You just want to keep in mind that there's no formatting available, including carriage returns. So type all your text on one line before you copy and paste it.

There is a way to insert carriage returns so that you can have multiple paragraphs, and we'll be talking about that in a moment. But for now, just get your text in there and then click "OK."

In the binary editing window, each letter of the message (including spaces) is represented by four characters in hexadecimal. The regular text is shown out to the right; the hexadecimal characters on the left. To insert a carriage return, you'll need to click the space on the hexadecimal side right after the character where you want to insert the return. You can try to eyeball the location, but you can also count to the location you need. One character of normal text is four characters on the binary side. So, count the number of characters in normal text, multiply that by four, and then count that number of binary characters to find the same spot. It make take a couple of attempts to get the placement just where you want it.

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Some Ways to Open the Command Prompt in Windows 10

چهارشنبه 5 مهر 1396

The Command Prompt has been around forever, and it's still a great resource to have at your disposal. Today we're showing you all of the different ways to open the Command Prompt. We're betting you don't know all of them.

The Command Prompt is a pretty useful tool. It allows you to do some things quicker than you can do them in the graphic interface and offers some tools that you just can't find in the graphic interface at all. And in true keyboard-ninja spirit, the Command Prompt also supports all kinds of clever keyboard shortcuts that make it even more powerful. While it's easy to just open the Command Prompt from the Start menu, that's not the only way to do it. So, let's take a look at the rest.

Note: this article is based on Windows 10, but the majority of these methods should work in earlier versions of Windows, too.

Open Command Prompt from Windows+X Power Users Menu

Press Windows+X to open the Power Users menu, and then click "Command Prompt" or "Command Prompt (Admin)."

Note: If you see PowerShell instead of Command Prompt on the Power Users menu, that's a switch that came about with the Creators Update for Windows 10. It's very easy to switch back to showing the Command Prompt on the Power Users menu if you want, or you can give PowerShell a try. You can do pretty much everything in PowerShell that you can do in Command Prompt, plus a lot of other useful things.

Open a Command Prompt from Task Manager

Seven Ways to Open the Windows Task Manager

Open Task Manager with more details. Open the "File" menu and then choose "Run New Task." Type cmd or cmd.exe, and then click "OK" to open up a regular Command Prompt. You can also check the "Create this task with administrative privileges" to open Command Prompt as administrator.

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Open a Command Prompt in Admin Mode from Task Manager the Secret Easy Way

To quickly open a command prompt with administrative privileges from Task Manager, open the "File" menu and then hold the CTRL key while clicking "Run New Task." This will immediately open Command Prompt with administrative privileges-no need to type anything.

Open Command Prompt from a Start Menu Search

You can easily open the Command Prompt by clicking Start and then typing "cmd" into the search box. Alternatively, click/tap on the microphone icon in Cortana's search field and say "Launch Command Prompt."

To open Command Prompt with administrative privileges, right-click the result and then click "Run as Administrator." You could also highlight the result with the arrow keys and then press Ctrl+Shift+Enter.

Open Command Prompt By Scrolling Through the Start Menu

Click Start. Scroll down and expand the "Windows System" folder. Click "Command Prompt." To open with administrative privileges, right-click Command Prompt and choose "Run as administrator."

Open Command Prompt from File Explorer

Open File Explorer, and then navigate to the C:\Windows\System32 folder. Double-click the "cmd.exe" file or right-click the file and choose "Run as administrator." You can also create a shortcut to this file and store the shortcut anywhere you like.

Open Command Prompt from the Run Box

Press Windows+R to open "Run" box. Type "cmd" and then click "OK" to open a regular Command Prompt. Type "cmd" and then press Ctrl+Shift+Enter to open an administrator Command Prompt.

Open Command Prompt from the File Explorer Address Bar

In File Explorer, click the address bar to select it (or press Alt+D). Type "cmd" into the address bar and hit Enter to open the Command Prompt with the path of the current folder already set.

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OneNote 2013, Windows 8.1, and Windows Key shortcuts

جمعه 31 شهريور 1396

A reader named Jeremy who is a Technical Support Analyst in the UK wrote to use as follows:

Microsoft seem to shoot themselves in the foot now and again, the latest is the Windows 8.1 hijacks the Win+S key from OneNote screen capture for Windows Search and does not replace it with anything which very irritating, there is a reg hack to relocate to another key but not a very slick thing to do.

I agree it was probably a mistake for Microsoft to make this change, but unfortunately there was a good reason for it. Keyboard shortcuts that include the Windows key in them are usually reserved for the Windows operating system and its components like the Start menu, Explorer, search functionality, configuration settings, and so on, see:

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In other words, allowing a Microsoft Office application like OneNote to use a Winkey shortcut was a mistake in the first place, and with the release of OneNote 2013 and Windows 8.1 Microsoft is simply rectifying a mistake in the earlier version of OneNote.

The best thing for OneNote users to do when they upgrade from OneNote 2010 running on Windows 7 or Windows 8 to OneNote 2013 running on Windows 8.1 is to learn to use Winkey+Shift+S instead of Winkey+Swhen they need to capture a screen clipping.

The above tip was previously published in an issue of WServerNews, a weekly newsletter from TechGenix that focuses on the administration, management and security of the Windows Server platform in particular and cloud solutions in general. Subscribe to WServerNews today by going and join almost 100,000 other IT professionals around the world who read our newsletter!
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How to use Speech Recognition to Control Windows with Your Voice

پنجشنبه 23 شهريور 1396

Voice Control: A Windows Tradition

When Microsoft added Cortana to Windows 10 it was something of a novelty. Despite Cortana's usefulness for checking the news and weather, opening apps, or sending text messages many people balked (and still do) at the idea of talking to their PC. It may seem weird, but people have actually been talking to their PCs for years.

Windows Speech Recognition

Buried inside Windows is a longtime speech recognition program designed to help people interact with their PC using only--or at least primarily--their voice. There are many reasons someone may not be able to use their hands to navigate a PC such as a disability or an injury. That's why speech recognition was built into Windows: To help those who have to overcome a physical problem. Even so, Speech Recognition is also a great tool for anyone who wants to experiment with voice interaction or would just rather not use their hands to control their PC all the time.

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Getting started with Windows speech recognition is simple and Microsoft provides a few tools to help you learn how to use it. The instructions on how to activate Speech Recognition are fairly similar across all active versions of the operating system from Windows 7 through Windows 10.

I am walking through Speech Recognition in this article using a Windows 10 PC. There may be some slight differences in how the set-up process goes if you are using an older version of Windows. Nevertheless, the process is generally the same.

It Starts at the Control Panel

Before we do anything, we have to open the Control Panel. In Windows 7, click the Start button and from the menu select Control Panel in the right-hand margin. In Windows 8 and Windows 10, the easiest thing to do is hit the Win+X keyboard shortcut and select Control Panel from the power user menu. If your device doesn't have a keyboard check out our earlier tutorial on how to open the Control Panel in various versions of Windows.

Once the Control Panel is open make sure Large icons (pictured above) is selected in the View by menu in the upper right-hand corner. Then just scroll down the alphabetical list of options until you see Speech Recognition.

Start Speech Recognition

On the next Control Panel screen select Start Speech Recognition, which should be right at the top.

A new window will appear briefly explaining what Speech Recognition is, and that you'll need to go through a brief set-up process to activate the feature. Click Next at the bottom of the window.
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How to add a printer in Windows 7

سه شنبه 21 شهريور 1396

Many Windows PC users don't rely on a printer connected to their machine via USB. Instead they'll use a device located on a network, or perhaps as many machines now feature Wi-Fi connectivity, the printer will be connected to their home network and they'll use that to print. If this is the case, you'll need to find and connect to the device through Windows before you can use it. Here's how to find and add a printer in Windows 7.

Step one

From the Start menu, select Control Panel.

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Step two

Scroll down to the Hardware & Sound section and then select View devices and printers.

Step three

At the top click Add a printer. Now you'll be asked to confirm whether it's a Local printer (although not those connected via USB as Windows automatically installs these when they're connected to your machine) or a Network, wireless or Bluetooth printer (although they'll need to be connected to the same network as your PC).

Step four

If you've selected Network, wireless or Bluetooth printer, Windows will now scan your network and display a list of devices. Select the printer you want and click next. If it's not listed, then press the printer I want wasn't listed and you'll be given the ability to add the device by using its name or IP address, then press Next.

Step five

Windows will now begin connecting to the printer. You'll be alerted once it has been successfully connected. Press Next. Now you'll be given the opportunity to set the device as your default printer, and print a test page. Press Finish to complete the action. The printer will now appear in your device list displayed when you select View devices and printers from the Control panel.

Step six

If you selected Local printer, you'll be asked to specify which printer port you're using, you'll also have the opportunity to create a new port here. Press Next.

Step seven

Now choose the printer manufacturer and model number from the list presented and press Next. You'll be asked to name the printer, and select Next. The printer will now be installed and once complete will appear in your device list.

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Stop programs launching when Windows 8 boots

جمعه 17 شهريور 1396

Stop programs automatically loading when you boot your Windows 8 PC or laptop and it will launch a lot quicker. Here's how to launch your Windows 8 PC faster by removing unwanted programs from the bootup process.

One of the great advantages of Windows 8 is that is boots up much more quickly than older versions of Windows. Or, at least, it should. But after a while you may find that programs you install muscle their way into your PC, laptop or tablet's boot up process. Skype is a classic culprit (and is, after all a Microsoft program). Spotify too is not shy of such boorish behaviour. And it's likely that your PC's security software will muscle its way into the start of your working day too.

It may be that you want to launch these programs every time you start up your computer, but that should be a choice you make every time. In past versions of Windows you had to use the 'msconfig' command to remove startup items, but Windows 8 makes it easy to remove programs from your PC or laptop's boot process. Here we show you how to stop programs launching when you launch Windows 8.

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It's worth doing, too. Before we disabled unwanted Startup programs on our Windows 8 desktop PC, it took 4 minutes and 51 seconds on average to launch to a point where we could open other programs. Once we had made the changes below, startup time dropped to just 1 minute and 43 seconds. That's 3 minutes a day I just saved!

How to stop programs launching when Windows 8 boots

1. Launch Task Manager

As with many great innovations in Windows 8, this one requires you to launch the revamped Task Manager. There are several ways to do this.

Via search: hit the Windows Key and Q, or bring up the Charms bar and click the search icon, then type 'Task Manager' and hit enter. Then select the Task Manager icon that appears (click all the images below to see them at full size)...

...alternatively, within the desktop you can right-click on the taskbar...

...or hit Windows Key and X to bring up the secret Start Menu, and select Task Manager.

Finally, you can use Ctrl+Alt+Delete and select Task Manager.

(If you haven't done so already, read our article 'How to use Windows 8 Task Manager'. It is genuinely one of the best things about Windows 8 - Task Manager, not our article - but unless you know what it can do you wouldn't appreciate the upgrade.)

2. Open 'Start-up' tab

Once you have opened Task Manager, it should look like this...

...First you need to select the Start-up tab. This lists all the programs that launch when you boot your Windows 8 PC, laptop or tablet. It also tells you each app's publisher, and the impact on startup performance listed as either 'low', 'high' or 'medium'...

3. Disable the programs you don't need

Now simply click on the programs you don't want to start with your PC, right-click, and select 'Disable'. Or highlight a program and click 'Disable' in the bottom righthand corner of the window...

You can reverse this process at any time by clicking on the item and right-clicking, then selecting 'Enable', or hitting 'Enable' in the bottom righthand corner.

And, er, that's it! You now have a faster PC.
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How to automatically sign in to a Windows account at startup

چهارشنبه 15 شهريور 1396

Windows Hello has changed the way those fortunate enough to own compatible hardware can log in to their machines. Simply by looking at the inbuilt camera in a Surface Pro 4 or Surface Book the device will recognise their face and grant entry to the digital firmament. For the rest of us we're pretty much stuck with our passwords, which are now encouraged to be longer and more confusing that most sane minds can handle.

If all of this is just too much, and you're secure in the idea of shedding the uppercase, lowercase, numeral, symbol, encumbrance, then in a few swift steps you can make Windows 10, or indeed several of the previous iterations, remove the need for a password when you log in. Be sure to think this through though, as convenience and security do not often make glad bedfellows.

Disabling the user password requirement

To begin this short walk to freedom hold down the Windows key and press R. This will open up a dialog box, into which you need to type netplwiz.

You'll now be taken to the Advanced User Accounts windows where you'll see a list of the different user accounts you have on your PC. Make sure your one is selected (on most PCs there will only be one) then click on the box entitled Users must enter a username and password to use this computer, so that it's empty.

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A new window should appear prompting you to enter your password and then to confirm it a second time. Do this, click OK, and from now on when you reboot your machine, or wake it from sleep, you will go straight to the desktop rather than the cumbersome log in screen.

There, that's it, you're now released from the shackles of passwords, but of course remember so is anyone else who has access to your PC. If this risk proves too stressful, then reverse the process above and your password will once again protect your precious data.

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Slow internet with windows 10 here how get up to speed

دوشنبه 13 شهريور 1396

Since its launch in July 2015, Windows 10 has become one of the most widely used operating systems in the world with more than 400 million installations. Windows 10 packs in a bundle of new features compared to Microsoft's previous flagship OS, Windows 8.1. These additional features have improved usability and functionality, but there's a price to pay: They also consume a considerable amount of system resources and network bandwidth, resulting in slower Internet speeds.

This reduced network throughput usually happens because of background activities and other services of Windows 10, which by default consumes or reserves some of your Internet bandwidth for various reasons.

Users suffering from these issues can perform a few easy troubleshooting steps that might bring their Internet back up to speed.

Monitoring Windows updates

Windows 10 comes enabled with automatic Windows updates. The update function stays active in the background and can consume large chunks of network bandwidth as it checks for and downloads all the updates. Although it is recommended to keep Windows updated, you can temporarily disable the feature. This might boost your Internet speed.

During the Windows 10 rollout, Microsoft devised an automatic system that turns your PC into a file-sharing server to reduce the load on the central Window's servers. As a result of this P2P sharing service, a portion of your network services is constantly engaged in background activities.

Restrict background applications

Applications running in the background can be a very common and obvious reason for lagging Internet speeds. Many of these background applications can be disabled when not in use to prevent a slow Internet connection. This will also improve the overall performance of the system.

Disabling firewalls

Firewalls are one of the most important security features that comes preinstalled with Windows operating systems. But apart from protecting your system from malware and intruders, firewalls can sometimes block or slow down your Internet speeds and can limit your network bandwidth significantly. In the case of slow Internet speeds, try disabling the firewall temporarily to check whether this is the culprit affecting your Internet connection. If it appears that it is indeed the firewall that is slowing your Internet, check your firewall settings to see if there are any unnecessary rules or other configurations you can tweak. If you are using Windows 10's built-in firewall, you might consider using a third-party firewall instead. And conversely, if you are already using a third-party firewall, you might consider switching to the Windows 10 built-in firewall. Different systems will get different results.

Disabling Large Send Offload (LSO)

Large Send Offload is one of the latest features in Windows 10. LSO is actually meant to improve the overall network performance of the system, but contrary to its purpose, this feature actually allows background applications to consume a considerably large amount of network bandwidth. It can, however, be disabled manually.

Installing official network drivers

Although Windows 10 comes preinstalled with all required generic drivers, they sometimes result in stability and compatibility issues with the system's hardware. In the case of slower Internet speeds, it is advisable to download the appropriate drivers manually from the hardware manufacturer's website for better Internet connections and more stable performance of the system.

Tweaks using 'Group Policy Editor'

If nothing mentioned above works, then this measure might come in handy. Although most of us use Windows as our primary operating system, not every one of us is aware that Windows 10 reserves 20 percent of your Internet bandwidth for OS and other system-related services. This means you only have the remaining 80 percent for your browsing and other internet usages. You can disable this Internet bandwidth reservation by following these steps.

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